Article: The Heart of God (Howard Culbertson)
https://home.snu.edu/~hculbert/engage.htm (Thanks Howard!)
The Biblical Basis of Missions (Video summary by GFM)
Gen 11:7-9 – God scrambles the languages and the people spread throughout the earth setting the stage for our story.
— God chooses a man named Abraham and his descendants (Israel) as his special people to be blessed by him (top line of the covenant) so that they would be a blessing to all peoples (bottom line of the covenant).
nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until he comes to whom it belongs
and the obedience of the nations is his.”
for he will avenge the blood of his servants;
he will take vengeance on his enemies
and make atonement for his land and people”
1 Sam 17
1 Ki 8
1 Chron 14
1 Chron 16
2 Chron 9
And the very ends of the earth as Your possession. (Thanks Charlotte!)
the world, and all who live in it;”
sing praise to the Lord,”
1 May God be gracious to us and bless us and make his face shine upon us
2 that your ways may be known on earth, your salvation among all nations.
3 May the peoples praise you, O God; may all the peoples praise you.
4 May the nations be glad and sing for joy, for you rule the peoples justly
and guide the nations of the earth.
5 May the peoples praise you, O God; may all the peoples praise you.
6 Then the land will yield its harvest, and God, our God, will bless us.
7 God will bless us, and all the ends of the earth will fear him.
David understood God’s heart for the nations – (v. 7) God blesses us so that the ends of the earth may fear him.
I will sing praises to your name.”
Is. 52:10, 13-15 – The Lord will lay bare his holy arm
in the sight of all the nations,
and all the ends of the earth will see
the salvation of our God…. 13 See, my servant will act wisely  ;
he will be raised and lifted up and highly exalted.
14 Just as there were many who were appalled at him  –
his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any man
and his form marred beyond human likeness-
15 so will he sprinkle many nations, 
and kings will shut their mouths because of him.
For what they were not told, they will see,
and what they have not heard, they will understand.
and kings to the brightness of your dawn.”
and all kings your glory;
you will be called by a new name
that the mouth of the Lord will bestow.”
Jonah (the whole book)
Picture of future “centrifugal” outreach
The situation demanded proclamation
Jonah: an effective persuader
the mountain of the Lord ‘s temple will be established
as chief among the mountains;
it will be raised above the hills,
and peoples will stream to it.
2 Many nations will come and say,
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord ,
to the house of the God of Jacob.
He will teach us his ways,
so that we may walk in his paths.”
The law will go out from Zion,
the word of the Lord from Jerusalem”
God’s name will be great among all the nations.
Fact: The Word, "nations," is used over 500 times in the Old Testament. Why?
Jesus opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures (Old Testament); Christ will suffer and rise on the third day (bless us) and then repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached to all nations (to bless others).
Acts 2:4, 6, 8-11 – Jesus talked about the coming of the Holy Spirit as the highlight of the New Testament; the disciples were to wait for Him to come before ministering; it’s the day the first century church started; 3000 people got saved; the Holy Spirit begins his ministry and sets the tone of the rest of the N.T. by having people from every nation under earth hearing the gospel in their own language.
Romans 10:14 – “How, then, can they call on the one they have not believed in? And how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone preaching to them?”
2 Cor. 5
1 Thess 1
“4 knowing, brothers and sisters, beloved by God, His choice of you; 5 for our gospel did not come to you in word only, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction; just as you know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sakes. 6 You also became imitators of us and of the Lord, having received the word during great affliction with the joy of the Holy Spirit, 7 so that you became an example to all the believers in Macedonia and Achaia. 8 For the word of the Lord has sounded forth from you, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but in every place the news of your faith toward God has gone out, so that we have no need to say anything. 9 For they themselves report about us as to the kind of reception we had with you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve a living and true God, 10 and to wait for His Son from heaven, whom He raised from the dead, that is, Jesus who rescues us from the wrath to come.”
2 Thess. 1
1 Tim 2
1 Tim 2:3-6 – “3 This is good, and pleases God our Savior, 4 who wants all men to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth. 5 For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6who gave himself as a ransom for all men–the testimony given in its proper time.”
2 Peter 3
Rev 5:9 – people were redeemed from every tribe, tongue, people, and nation
Rev 7 (including video)
people from all nations, tongues and people groups worshiping the Lamb!